Junonia lemonias – Lemon Pansy
Phalanta phalantha – Common Leopard
Natural History: An armed shrub found in tropical Africa and Asia. A medicinal plant known as Sahacharah or Saireyaka in Sanskrit and Koranti in Marathi. Yellow flowers bloom on spiny branches from November to February (Flowers of India, 2022).
HOSTS (2023) - a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Accessed on 06 Feb 2023. URL: https://www.nhm.ac.uk/our-science/data/hostplants/search/.
WFO (2022): World Flora Online. Accessed on 18 Dec 2022. URL: http://worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000560485.
Flowers of India (2022). Accessed on 18 Dec 2022. URL: http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Porcupine%20Flower.html.
Churi, P. and N. Kawthankar. 2023. Barleria prionitis L. – Kuranta, Porcupine Flower. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/barleria-prionitis, accessed 2023/03/27.