PLANT SPECIES LIST

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This checklist of larval host plants and nectar plants of Indian butterflies is continually updated as new records are contributed, or missing hosts are pointed out to us. It is arranged alphabetically by family, genus and species names for easy reference. We encourage you to contribute your observations to this page and to the growing and continually updated, very valuable database of plant-butterfly associations. Contributors who contribute individual records will be given as a reference for those records, and people who contribute in a major way, such as by contributing new records on an order of dozens of records or other kinds of large dataset, will be added as authors of the entire page at the bottom of this page.

 

KINGDOM PLANTAE

FAMILY ACANTHACEAE

  1. Acanthus ilicifolius – Holly Mangrove
  2. Andrographis paniculata – Green Chiretta
  3. Andrographis serpyllifolia – Roundleaf Chiretta
  4. Asystasia dalzelliana – Violet Asystasia
  5. Asystasia gangetica – Ganges Primrose
  6. Barleria buxifolia – Box-Leaved Barleria
  7. Barleria cristata – Philippine Violet
  8. Barleria cuspidata – Spiny Barleria
  9. Barleria prionitis – Porcupine Flower
  10. Barleria terminalis – Blue Barleria
  11. Cynarospermum asperrimum – Hill Blepharis (syn. Blepharis asperrima)
  12. Dicliptera paniculata Panicled Foldwing (syn. Peristrophe paniculata)
  13. Ecbolium ligustrinum – Green Shrimp Plant
  14. Eranthemum roseum – Rosy Eranthemum
  15. Graptophyllum pictum – Caricature Plant
  16. Hygrophila auriculata – Marsh Barbel
  17. Hygrophila ringens – Erect Hygrophila
  18. Hygrophila serpyllum – Marsh Carpet
  19. Justicia adhatoda – Vasa, Malabar Nut
  20. Justicia gendarussa – Willow-Leaf Justicia
  21. Justicia procumbens – Water Willow
  22. Lepidagathis cuspidata Pointed-Leaf Lepidagathis
  23. Lepidagathis keralensis Kerala Lepidagathis
  24. Nicoteba betonica – Squirrel Tail (syn. Justicia betonica)
  25. Odontonema tubaeforme Firespike
  26. Phaulopsis dorsiflora Himalayan Ruellia
  27. Rostellularia crinita Small Flowered Justicia
  28. Ruellia prostrata Bell Weed (syn. Dipteracanthus prostratus)
  29. Ruellia simplex Desert Petunia
  30. Ruellia tuberosa Minnie Root
  31. Strobilanthes callosa – Karvi (syn. Carvia callosa)
  32. Strobilanthes ciliata  – Lesser Kurinji (syn. Nilgirianthus ciliatus)
  33. Strobilanthes integrifolia Entire-Leaf Coneflower
  34. Strobilanthes ixiocephala Sky Blue Karvy (syn. Thelepaepale ixiocephala)
  35. Strobilanthes lanata Woolly Coneflower
  36. Strobilanthes lupulina Hop Coneflower
  37. Strobilanthes wightiana Wight's Kurinji
  38. Thunbergia alata – Black-Eyed Susan Vine
  39. Thunbergia grandiflora Bengal Clock vine

    FAMILY ACHARIACEAE
     
  40. Hydnocarpus pentandrus Chaulmoogra (syn. Hydnocarpus wightianus)

    FAMILY AMARANTHACEAE
     
  41. Achyranthes aspera Chaff-flower
  42. Alternanthera ficoidea Joyweed
  43. Amaranthus spinosus Spiny Amaranth
  44. Celosia argentea Silver Cockscomb
  45. Cyathula prostrata Pastureweed
  46. Digera muricata False Amaranth
  47. Gomphrena globosa Globe Amaranth

    FAMILY AMARYLLIDACEAE
     
  48. Hymenocallis littoralis Beach Spider Lily

    FAMILY ANACARDIACEAE
     
  49. Anacardium occidentale Cashew
  50. Buchanania cochinchinensis Chironji
  51. Lannea coromandelica Indian Ash Tree
  52. Mangifera indica Mango

    FAMILY ANNONACEAE
     
  53. Annona glabra Pond Apple
  54. Annona reticulata Ramphal, Custard Apple
  55. Annona squamosa Sitaphal, Sugar Apple
  56. Artabotrys hexapetalus Hari Champa
  57. Cananga odorata Kananga (syn. Uvaria odorata)
  58. Huberantha cerasoides Cherry Ashoka (syn. Polyalthia cerasoides)
  59. Miliusa tomentosa Hoom
  60. Monoon longifolium False Ashoka (syn. Polyalthia longifolia)
  61. Polyalthia suberosa Corky Debbar Tree
  62. Uvaria narum South Indian Uvaria

    FAMILY APIACEAE
     
  63. Anethum graveolens Dill

    FAMILY APOCYNACEAE
     
  64. Adenium obesum Desert Rose
  65. Allamanda cathartica Golden Trumpet
  66. Alstonia scholaris Saptaparni
  67. Asclepias curassavica Scarlet Milkweed
  68. Boucerosia umbellata Umbelled Caralluma (syn. Caralluma umbellata)
  69. Calotropis gigantea Crown Flower
  70. Calotropis procera Calotrope
  71. Carissa carandas Karonda
  72. Carissa spinarum Wild Karonda (syn. C. congesta)
  73. Cascabela thevetia Yellow Oleander (syn. Thevetia peruviana)
  74. Catharanthus roseus Periwinkle (cultivars: 'Alba' and 'Hybrida')
  75. Ceropegia attenuata Tender Ceropegia
  76. Ceropegia evansii Evan's Ceropegia
  77. Ceropegia hirsuta Hairy Ceropegia
  78. Ceropegia media Medium Ceropegia
  79. Ceropegia vincifolia Vinca-Leaved Ceropegia
  80. Cosmostigma cordatum Green Milkweed Creeper (syn. Cosmostigma racemosum)
  81. Cryptolepis dubia Wax Leaved Climber (syn. Cryptolepis buchananii)
  82. Cynanchum annularium Ringed Swallow-Wort (syn. Holostemma ada-kodien & H. annulare)
  83. Gomphocarpus physocarpus Balloon Plant
  84. Gymnema sylvestre Gurmar
  85. Hemidesmus indicus Indian Sarsaparilla
  86. Holarrhena pubescens Kutaja (syn. H. antidysenterica)
  87. Ichnocarpus frutescens Black Creeper
  88. Nerium oleander Oleander
  89. Oxystelma esculentum Rosy Milkweed Vine
  90. Parsonsia inodora Scentless Cowplant
  91. Pergularia daemia Hair Knot Plant
  92. Tabernaemontana divaricata Pinwheel Flower
  93. Vallaris solanacea Bread Flower
  94. Vincetoxicum dalzellii Dalzell's Ipecac (syn. Tylophora dalzellii)
  95. Vincetoxicum indicum Indian Ipecac (syn. Tylophora indica)
  96. Wattakaka volubilis Green Wax Flower (syn. Dregea volubilis)
  97. Wrightia tinctoria Sveta Kutaja

    FAMILY ARALIACEAE
     
  98. Schefflera sp. Schefflera
  99. Schefflera venulosa Schefflera Vine

    FAMILY ARECACEAE
     
  100. Areca catechu Supari, Betel Palm
  101. Arenga wightii Wight's Sago Palm
  102. Borassus flabellifer Toddy Palm
  103. Calamus sp. Rattan
  104. Calamus rotang Common Rattan
  105. Caryota mitis Clustering Fishtail Palm
  106. Caryota urens Fishtail Palm
  107. Cocos nucifera Coconut
  108. Corypha umbraculifera Talipot Palm
  109. Corypha utan Buri Palm
  110. Cyrtostachys renda Sealing Wax Palm
  111. Dypsis lutescens Golden Cane Palm
  112. Dypsis madagascariensis Lucuba Palm
  113. Elaeis guineensis Oil Palm
  114. Hyophorbe lagenicaulis Bottle Palm
  115. Latania lontaroides Red Latan Palm
  116. Licuala grandis Ruffled Fan Palm
  117. Livistona chinensis Chinese Fan Palm
  118. Phoenix sylvestris Wild Date Palm
  119. Pritchardia pacifica Fiji Fan Palm
  120. Ptychosperma macarthurii Macarthur Palm
  121. Rhapis excelsa Lady Palm
  122. Rhapis humilis Slender Lady Palm (syn. R. multifida)
  123. Roystonea regia Royal Palm
  124. Saribus rotundifolius Footstool Palm (syn. Livistona rotundifolia)
  125. Syagrus romanzoffiana Queen Palm (syn. Arecastrum romanzoffianum)
  126. Washingtonia filifera California Fan Palm
  127. Wodyetia bifurcata Foxtail Palm

    FAMILY ARISTOLOCHIACEAE
     
  128. Aristolochia acuminata Tapering-Leaf Birthwort (syn. A. tagala)
  129. Aristolochia indica Indian Birthwort
  130. Aristolochia littoralis Dutchman's Pipe
  131. Thottea siliquosa Chakrani
  132. Thottea sivarajanii Sivarajan's Thottea

    FAMILY ASPARAGACEAE
     
  133. Asparagus dumosus Bushy Asparagus

    FAMILY ASTERACEAE
     
  134. Acmella ciliata Fringed Pod Toothache Plant
  135. Bidens pilosa Beggar Tick
  136. Centratherum punctatum Brazilian Button Flower
  137. Chromolaena odorata Devil Weed
  138. Cosmos caudatus Wild Cosmos
  139. Cosmos sulphureus Cosmos
  140. Cyathocline purpurea Gangotra
  141. Echinops echinatus Indian Globe Thistle
  142. Erigeron emodi Himalayan Daisy
  143. Lagascea mollis Silk Leaf
  144. Mikania micrantha Bitter Vine
  145. Phyllocephalum scabridum Purple Heads
  146. Senecio bombayensis Sonki
  147. Sphagneticola trilobata Wedelia (syn. Wedelia trilobata)
  148. Tagetes erecta Marigold (Cultivars: 'Orange', 'Signet' and 'Yellow')
  149. Tithonia diversifolia Tree Marigold
  150. Tithonia rotundifolia Red Sunflower
  151. Tricholepis glaberrima Smooth Camel Thistle
  152. Tridax procumbens Tridax Daisy
  153. Zinnia peruviana Peruvian Zinnia (syn. Chrysogonum peruvianum)

    FAMILY BALSAMINACEAE
     
  154. Impatiens balsamina Garden Balsam
  155. Impatiens minor Lesser Balsam

    FAMILY BERBERIDACEAE
     
  156. Berberis sp. Barberry

    FAMILY BIXACEAE
     
  157. Bixa orellana Sinduri, Achiot

    FAMILY BORAGINACEAE
     
  158. Coldenia procumbens Creeping Coldenia
  159. Cordia dichotoma Indian Cherry
  160. Ehretia aspera Ajan Tree (syn. E. laevis)
  161. Heliotropium indicum Indian Heliotrope
  162. Heliotropium marifolium Seaforth Heliotrope
  163. Varronia curassavica Tropical Black Sage

    FAMILY BRASSICACEAE
     
  164. Brassica oleracea Cabbage, Cauliflower
  165. Raphanus raphanistrum Radish
  166. Sinapis arvensis Wild Mustard
  167. Sisymbrium sp. Rocket
  168. Thlaspi arvense Field Penny-Cress

    FAMILY CANNABACEAE
     
  169. Cannabis sativa Bhang, Indian Hemp
  170. Trema orientalis Indian Charcoal Tree

    FAMILY CAPPARACEAE
     
  171. Cadaba fruticosa Indian Cadaba
  172. Capparis decidua Karira, Bare Caper
  173. Capparis divaricata Spreading Caper
  174. Capparis moonii Large Caper
  175. Capparis sabiifolia Sabia-Leaved Caper
  176. Capparis sepiaria Wild Caper Bush
  177. Capparis spinosa Caper Bush
  178. Capparis tenera Soft Caper
  179. Capparis zeylanica Ceylon Caper
  180. Crateva magna Varuna, Large Garlic Pear
  181. Crateva religiosa Sacred Garlic Pear
  182. Maerua oblongifolia Desert Caper

    FAMILY CAPRIFOLIACEAE
     
  183. Lonicera quinquelocularis Translucent Honeysuckle

    FAMILY CELASTRACEAE
     
  184. Gymnosporia senegalensis Red Spike-thorn
  185. Salacia fruticosa Woody Salacia

    FAMILY CLEOMACEAE
     
  186. Cleome rutidosperma Fringed Spider Flower
  187. Cleome viscosa Asian Spider Flower

    FAMILY CLUSIACEAE
     
  188. Garcinia gummi-gutta Malabar Tamarind

    FAMILY COMBRETACEAE
     
  189. Getonia floribunda Paper Flower Climber (syn. Calycopteris floribunda)
  190. Combretum sp. Combretum
  191. Combretum indicum Rangoon Creeper (syn. Quisqualis indica)
  192. Combretum ovalifolium Piluki (syn. C. albidum)
  193. Terminalia arjuna Arjuna
  194. Terminalia bellirica Baheda, Bibhitaka
  195. Terminalia catappa Indian Almond
  196. Terminalia elliptica Crocodile Bark Tree
  197. Terminalia paniculata Kindal

    FAMILY COMMELINACEAE
     
  198. Commelina sp. Dayflower
  199. Murdannia semiteres Panicled Dewflower

    FAMILY CONNARACEAE
     
  200. Connarus paniculatus Panicled Connarus
  201. Connarus wightii Wight's Connarus

    FAMILY CONVOLVULACEAE
     
  202. Ipomoea hederifolia Scarlet Morning Glory

    FAMILY CORIARIACEAE
     
  203. Coriaria nepalensis Masuri Berry

    FAMILY CRASSULACEAE
     
  204. Kalanchoe sp. Kalanchoe
  205. Kalanchoe blossfeldiana Florist Kalanchoe, Flaming Katy
  206. Kalanchoe daigremontiana Alligator Plant, Mother of Thousands
  207. Kalanchoe pinnata Wild Kalanchoe, Cathedral Bells
  208. Kalanchoe prolifera Blooming Boxes

    FAMILY CUCURBITACEAE
     
  209. Benincasa hispida Wax Gourd

    FAMILY CYCADACEAE
     
  210. Cycas circinalis Queen Sago Palm
  211. Cycas pectinata Assam Sago Palm
  212. Cycas revoluta Sago Palm
  213. Cycas rumphii Ceylon Sago Palm

    FAMILY CYPERACEAE
     
  214. Cyperus alternifolius Umbrella Palm

    FAMILY DIOSCOREACEAE
     
  215. Dioscorea alata Purple Yam
  216. Dioscorea pentaphylla Five-leaf Yam
  217. Dioscorea wallichii Wallich's Wild Yam

    FAMILY DIPTEROCARPACEAE
     
  218. Hopea ponga Thingam
  219. Shorea robusta Sal
  220. Shorea roxburghii Taloora Lac Tree

    FAMILY EBENACEAE
     
  221. Diospyros malabarica Gaub, Malabar Ebony
  222. Diospyros melanoxylon Coromandel Ebony
  223. Diospyros montana Bistendu, Bombay Ebony

    FAMILY ELAEAGNACEAE
     
  224. Elaeagnus parvifolia Autumn Olive

    FAMILY ELAEOCARPACEAE
     
  225. Elaeocarpus angustifolius Rudraksha (syn. E. ganitrus)

    FAMILY ERIOCAULACEAE
  226. Eriocaulon sedgwickii Spherical Pipewort
  227. Eriocaulon ratnagiricum Ratnagiri Pipewort

    FAMILY EUPHORBIACEAE
     
  228. Codiaeum variegatum Variegated Croton
  229. Dalechampia scandens Spurge-Creeper
  230. Euphorbia milii Crown of Thorns
  231. Euphorbia pulcherrima Poinsettia
  232. Homonoia riparia Willow-Leaved Water Croton
  233. Jatropha gossypifolia Bellyache Bush
  234. Jatropha integerrima Peregrina
  235. Jatropha podagrica Buddha Belly Plant
  236. Macaranga peltata Chandada
  237. Mallotus nudiflorus False White Teak (syn. Trevia nudiflora)
  238. Mallotus philippensis Kamala
  239. Mallotus polycarpus Many-Fruited Mallotus (syn. Trewia nudiflora var. polycarpa)
  240. Mallotus repandus Triangular-Leaf Mallotus
  241. Ricinus communis Castor Oil Plant
  242. Tragia involucrata Indian Stinging Nettle
  243. Tragia plukenetii Cannabis Leaf Nettle
  244. Tragia praetervisa Bypassed Stinging Nettle

    FAMILY FABACEAE
     
  245. Abrus precatorius Gunja, Jequirity Bean
  246. Acacia auriculiformis Earleaf Acacia
  247. Adenanthera pavonina Red Bead Tree
  248. Aeschynomene americana Shyleaf, American Jointvetch
  249. Aeschynomene indica Indian Jointvetch
  250. Aganope thyrsiflora East Himalayan Derris
  251. Albizia amara Krishna Shirish, Oil Cake Tree
  252. Albizia chinensis Chinese Albizia
  253. Albizia julibrissin Persian Silk Tree
  254. Albizia lebbeck Shirish
  255. Albizia odoratissima Black Shirish, Ceylon Rosewood
  256. Albizia procera White Shirish
  257. Alysicarpus longifolius Longleaf Alyce Clover
  258. Alysicarpus vaginalis Alyce Clover
  259. Astragalus rhizanthus Root-Flower Milk-Vetch
  260. Bauhinia acuminata White Orchid Tree
  261. Bauhinia phoenicea Scarlet Bauhinia
  262. Bauhinia purpurea Purple Orchid Tree
  263. Bauhinia racemosa Sona Tree, Bidi Leaf Tree
  264. Bauhinia variegata Kachnar, Orchid Tree
  265. Biancaea sappan Sappanwood (syn. Caesalpinia sappan)
  266. Butea monosperma Palash, Flame of the Forest
  267. Butea superba Palash Climber
  268. Caesalpinia pulcherrima Peacock Flower
  269. Cajanus cajan Arhar, Tur, Red Gram, Pigeon Pea
  270. Calliandra haematocephala Powder Puff
  271. Canavalia gladiata Sword Bean
  272. Cassia fistula Amaltas, Golden Shower Tree
  273. Cassia renigera Burmese Pink Cassia
  274. Cassia roxburghii Red Cassia
  275. Centrosema pubescens Centro Butterfly Pea
  276. Chamaecrista kleinii Klein's Sensitive Pea
  277. Chamaecrista mimosoides Feather-Leaved Cassia
  278. Chamaecrista pumila Dwarf Cassia
  279. Crotalaria filipes Creeping Hemp
  280. Crotalaria hebecarpa Fuzzy Fruited Rattlepod
  281. Crotalaria pallida Smooth Rattlepod
  282. Crotalaria retusa Rattleweed
  283. Crotalaria verrucosa Blue Rattlepod
  284. Cullen corylifolium Babchi, Scurfy Pea (syn. Psoralea corylifolia)
  285. Dalbergia lanceolaria Takoli
  286. Dalbergia latifolia Black Shisham, Black Rosewood
  287. Dalbergia sissoo Shisham, Indian Rosewood
  288. Delonix regia Gulmohar, Royal Poinciana
  289. Dendrolobium triangulare Triangular Horse Bush (syn. Desmodium triangulare)
  290. Derris canarensis Kanara Derris
  291. Derris heyneana Climbing Derris
  292. Derris trifoliata Common Derris
  293. Dichrostachys cinerea Sickle Bush
  294. Entada rheedii Sea Bean, African Dream Herb
  295. Erythrina variegata Indian Coral Tree
  296. Flemingia strobilifera Wild Hops
  297. Gliricidia sepium Gliricidia, Quickstick
  298. Grona heterocarpos Asian Tick Trefoil (syn. Desmodium heterocarpon)
  299. Grona heterophylla Variable-leaf Tick Trefoil (syn. Desmodium heterophyllum)
  300. Grona triflora Creeping Tick Trefoil (syn. Desmodium triflorum)
  301. Guilandina bonduc Fever Nut (syn. Caesalpinia bonduc)
  302. Hultholia mimosoides Hultholia (syn. Caesalpinia mimosoides)
  303. Indigofera heterantha Himalayan Indigo
  304. Indigofera linifolia Narrowleaf Indigo
  305. Indigofera suffruticosa Anil Indigo
  306. Indigofera trifoliata Three-Leaf Indigo
  307. Lablab purpureus Lablab Bean
  308. Leucaena leucocephala Horse Tamarind
  309. Libidibia coriaria Divi Divi (syn. Caesalpinia coriaria)
  310. Lotus corniculatus Common Birdsfoot Trefoil
  311. Macroptilium lathyroides Phasey Bean
  312. Mezoneuron cucullatum Sahyadri Thorn
  313. Millettia pachycarpa Thick-Fruit Pongam Creeper
  314. Mimosa hamata Hooked Mimosa
  315. Mimosa pudica Touch Me Not, Sensitive Plant
  316. Moullava spicata Wakeri
  317. Mucuna pruriens Velvet Bean
  318. Paracalyx scariosus Indian Husk-Pea
  319. Parochetus communis Blue Oxalis
  320. Peltophorum pterocarpum Copperpod
  321. Phanera vahlii Bauhinia Climber (syn. Bauhinia vahlii)
  322. Pisum sativum Pea
  323. Pithecellobium dulce Madras Thorn, Manila Tamarind
  324. Pleurolobus gangeticus Salparni, Sal Leaved Desmodium (syn. Desmodium gangeticum)
  325. Pongamia pinnata Karanj, Pongam (syn. Millettia pinnata)
  326. Prosopis juliflora Algaroba, Mesquite
  327. Pseudarthria viscida Sticky Desmodium
  328. Pterocarpus marsupium Asana, Bijaka, Indian Kino Tree
  329. Robinia pseudoacacia Black Locust, False Acacia
  330. Samanea saman Rain Tree (syn. Albizia saman)
  331. Saraca asoca Ashoka
  332. Senegalia catechu Khair, Black Cutch Tree (syn. Acacia catechu)
  333. Senegalia pennata Climbing Acacia (syn. Acacia pennata)
  334. Senegalia polyacantha White Thorn (syn. Acacia polyacantha & A. suma)
  335. Senegalia rugata Shikakai, Soap-Pod (syn. Acacia concinna & A. sinuata)
  336. Senegalia torta Twisted Acacia (syn. Acacia torta)
  337. Senna alata Candle Bush
  338. Senna auriculata Tanner's Cassia
  339. Senna montana Mountain Cassia
  340. Senna occidentalis Coffee Senna
  341. Senna siamea Siamese Cassia
  342. Senna tora Tora, Sickle Senna
  343. Sesbania bispinosa Prickly Sesban
  344. Sesbania grandiflora Agati, Vegetable Hummingbird
  345. Sesbania sesban Common Sesban
  346. Smithia sensitiva Sensitive Smithia
  347. Stylosanthes hamata Caribbean Stylo
  348. Tamarindus indica Tamarind
  349. Tephrosia purpurea Common Tephrosia
  350. Trifolium repens White Clover
  351. Trigonella emodi Himalayan Fenugreek
  352. Vachellia farnesiana Sweet Acacia (syn. Acacia farnesiana)
  353. Vachellia leucophloea White Bark Acacia (syn. Acacia leucophloea)
  354. Vachellia nilotica Babul, Thorny Acacia (syn. Acacia nilotica)
  355. Vigna radiata Mung Bean, Green Gram
  356. Vigna unguiculata Cowpea, Black-eyed Pea
  357. Vigna vexillata Zombi Pea
  358. Xylia xylocarpa Jamba, Burma Ironwood
  359. Zornia diphylla Two-Leaf Zornia

    FAMILY GENTIANACEAE
     
  360. Enicostema axillare Indian Whitehead

    FAMILY ICACINACEAE
     
  361. Mappia nimmoniana Ghanera, Fetid Holly (syn. Nothapodytes nimmoniana)

    FAMILY IRIDACEAE
     
  362. Iris domestica Leopard Lily (syn. Belamcanda chinensis)
  363. Trimezia gracilis Walking Iris (syn. Neomarica gracilis)

    FAMILY JUGLANDACEAE
     
  364. Juglans regia Walnut

    FAMILY LAMIACEAE


  365. FAMILY MALVACEAE
     
  366. Erinocarpus nimmonii Jangli Bhendi
  367. Grewia asiatica Phalsa
  368. Grewia serrulata Serrulate-Leaf Grewia
  369. Grewia tenax White Crossberry
  370. Grewia tiliifolia Dhaman
  371. Grewia villosa Hairy Crossberry
  372. Helicteres isora Marodphali, Indian Screw Tree
  373. Microcos paniculata Elm-Leaf Grewia (syn. Grewia nervosa)
  374. Pterygota alata Buddha Coconut (syn. Sterculia alata)
  375. Sterculia foetida Java Olive
  376. Sterculia guttata Spotted Sterculia
  377. Sterculia urens Gum Karaya (syn. Kavalama urens)
  378. Sterculia villosa Hairy Sterculia
  379. Waltheria indica Sleepy Morning

    FAMILY OLACACEAE
     
  380. Olax imbricata South Asian Olax

    FAMILY OLEACEAE
     
  381. Chionanthus mala-elengi Malabar Fringe Tree
  382. Jasminum auriculatum Juhi, Indian Jasmine
  383. Jasminum multiflorum Kunda, Star Jasmine
  384. Olea dioica Rose Sandalwood

    FAMILY ONAGRACEAE
     
  385. Oenothera rosea Rosy Evening Primrose (syn. Xylopleurum roseum)

    FAMILY ORCHIDACEAE
     
  386. Acampe praemorsa Acampe Orchid
  387. Aerides maculosa Fox Brush Orchid
  388. Cottonia peduncularis Bee Orchid
  389. Rhynchostylis retusa Foxtail Orchid

    FAMILY OROBANCHACEAE
     
  390. Lindenbergia indica Indian Lindenbergia

    FAMILY OXALIDACEAE
     
  391. Averrhoa bilimbi Bilimbi
  392. Averrhoa carambola Star Fruit, Carambola
  393. Biophytum sensitivum Little Tree Plant
  394. Oxalis corniculata Creeping Wood Sorrel

    FAMILY PAPAVERACEAE
     
  395. Argemone mexicana Mexican Poppy

    FAMILY PASSIFLORACEAE
     
  396. Adenia hondala Hondala
  397. Passiflora edulis Passion Fruit
  398. Passiflora foetida Stinking Passion Flower
  399. Passiflora holosericea Silky Passion Flower
  400. Passiflora incarnata Krishna Kamal, Passion Flower
  401. Passiflora suberosa Corky Passion Flower
  402. Turnera subulata White Alder
  403. Turnera ulmifolia Yellow Alder

    FAMILY PHYLLANTHACEAE
     
  404. Antidesma montanum Mountain Currant Tree
  405. Bridelia retusa Spinous Bridelia Tree
  406. Bridelia stipularis Climbing Bridelia (syn. B. scandens)
  407. Glochidion sp. Cheese Trees
  408. Glochidion ellipticum Assam Leaf-Flower
  409. Phyllanthus amarus Bhui Amla, Carry Me Seed
  410. Phyllanthus virgatus Virgate Leaf-Flower

    FAMILY PLANTAGINACEAE
     
  411. Veronica anagallis-aquatica Water Speedwell

    FAMILY PLUMBAGINACEAE
     
  412. Plumbago auriculata Plumbago, Cape Leadwort
  413. Plumbago indica Lal Chitrak, Scarlet Plumbago
  414. Plumbago zeylanica Chitrak, Wild Plumbago

    FAMILY POACEAE
     
  415. Arundo donax Giant Reed
  416. Axonopus compressus Blanket Grass
  417. Bambusa bambos Giant Thorny Bamboo (syn. B. arundinacea)
  418. Bambusa vulgaris Golden Bamboo (syn. B. striata)
  419. Bambusa wamin Buddha Belly Bamboo
  420. Brachiaria mutica Para Grass
  421. Coix lacryma-jobi Vaijayanti, Job's Tears
  422. Cymbopogon nardus Citronella Grass
  423. Cynodon dactylon Durva, Bermuda Grass
  424. Dendrocalamus giganteus Giant Bamboo
  425. Echinochloa colona Jungle Rice
  426. Eleusine indica Indian Goosegrass
  427. Ochlandra sp. Reed Bamboos
  428. Ochlandra travancorica Travancore Reed Bamboo
  429. Oplismenus compositus Running Mountain Grass
  430. Oryza sativa Rice, Paddy
  431. Paspalidium geminatum Egyptian Paspalidium
  432. Pennisetum glaucum Bajra, Pearl Millet (syn. Cenchrus americanus)
  433. Pennisetum setaceum Purple Fountain Grass (syn. Cenchrus setaceus)
  434. Saccharum officinarum Sugarcane
  435. Saccharum spontaneum Kans Grass
  436. Setaria sp. Palm Grasses
  437. Setaria palmifolia Palm Grass
  438. Setaria pumila Yellow Foxtail
  439. Setaria verticillata Bristly Foxtail
  440. Sorghum halepense Johnson Grass
  441. Sorghum nitidum Shining Sorghum
  442. Sorghum bicolor Jowar, Great Millet (syn. S. vulgare)
  443. Triplopogon ramosissimus Many-Branched Muraina Grass
  444. Zea mays Corn, Maize

    FAMILY POLYGONACACEAE
     
  445. Antigonon leptopus Coral Vine
  446. Persicaria capitata Pink Knotweed
  447. Persicaria chinensis Chinese Knotweed
  448. Persicaria glabra Denseflower Knotweed
  449. Polygonum sp. Knotweeds
  450. Polygonum plebeium Small Knotweed
  451. Rumex hastatus Arrowleaf Dock
  452. Rumex nepalensis Nepal Dock

    FAMILY PORTULACACEAE
     
  453. Portulaca oleracea Common Purslane

    FAMILY PUTRANJIVACEAE
     
  454. Putranjiva roxburghii Putranjiva

    FAMILY RHAMNACEAE
     
  455. Ventilago denticulata Toothed-Leaf Red Creeper
  456. Ziziphus mauritiana Ber, Indian Jujube
  457. Ziziphus nummularia Jhar Beri, Wild Jujube
  458. Ziziphus oenopolia Jackal Jujube
  459. Ziziphus rugosa Chunna Berry, Wrinkled Jujube
  460. Ziziphus xylopyrus Kath Ber

    FAMILY ROSACEAE
     
  461. Malus pumila Apple
  462. Prinsepia utilis Himalayan Cherry Prinsepia
  463. Prunus sp. Plums
  464. Prunus persica Peach
  465. Pyrus communis Pear
  466. Rubus ellipticus Yellow Himalayan Raspberry

    FAMILY RUBIACEAE
     
  467. Canthium coromandelicum Coromandel Boxwood
  468. Catunaregam spinosa Mountain Pomegranate
  469. Gardenia gummifera Gummy Gardenia
  470. Haldina cordifolia Haldu (syn. Adina cordifolia)
  471. Hamelia patens Firebush
  472. Ixora brachiata Khuri, Western Ghats Ixora
  473. Ixora casei Giant Red Ixora
  474. Ixora chinensis Chinese Ixora (Cultivar: 'Prince of Orange')
  475. Ixora coccinea Red Ixora
  476. Ixora malabarica Malabar Ixora
  477. Meyna laxiflora Mayan
  478. Mitragyna parvifolia Kadamba
  479. Mussaenda erythrophylla Ashanti Blood, Red Flag Bush
  480. Mussaenda frondosa Dhobi Tree, Wild Mussaenda
  481. Mussaenda philippica Philippine Mussaenda (Cultivar: 'Aurorae')
  482. Neanotis subtilis Foetid Starviolet (syn. N. foetida)
  483. Neolamarckia cadamba Kadam, Burflower Tree
  484. Pavetta indica Indian Pavetta
  485. Pentas lanceolata Star Cluster
  486. Rubia sp. Madder
  487. Rubia cordifolia Manjishta, Indian Madder
  488. Spermacoce alata Winged False Buttonweed
  489. Tamilnadia uliginosa Divine Jasmine
  490. Wendlandia heynei Tilak, Exserted Wendlandia (syn. W. exserta)
  491. Wendlandia thyrsoidea Mountain Wendlandia

    FAMILY RUTACEAE
     
  492. Aegle marmelos Bel, Bilva
  493. Atalantia sp. Atalantia
  494. Atalantia racemosa Bombay Atalantia
  495. Chloroxylon swietenia Ceylon Satinwood
  496. Citrus × aurantiifolia Kaghzi Nimbu, Lime
  497. Citrus × aurantium Narangi, Sweet Orange (syn. Citrus sinensis)
  498. Citrus × latifolia Persian Lime
  499. Citrus × limetta Mosambi, Sweet Lime
  500. Citrus × limon Nimbu, Lemon
  501. Citrus maxima Pomelo
  502. Citrus medica Citron
  503. Citrus × reticulata Santra, Orange
  504. Clausena sp. Clausena
  505. Clausena anisata Indian Horsewood (syn. Clausena dentata)
  506. Glycosmis pentaphylla Gin Berry
  507. Limonia acidissima Wood Apple
  508. Murraya koenigii Curry Leaf (syn. Bergera koenigii)
  509. Murraya paniculata Kamini, Orange Jasmine
  510. Ravenia spectabilis Lemonia
  511. Toddalia asiatica Orange Climber
  512. Zanthoxylum armatum Winged Prickly Ash
  513. Zanthoxylum rhetsa Tirphal, Teppal, Indian Prickly Ash

    FAMILY SABIACEAE
     
  514. Meliosma pinnata Indian Compound-Leaf Meliosma
  515. Meliosma simplicifolia Simple-Leaved Meliosma
  516. Sabia lanceolata Lanceleaf Sabia

    FAMILY SALICACEAE
     
  517. Flacourtia indica Governor's Plum
  518. Flacourtia inermis Batoko Plum
  519. Flacourtia jangomas Coffee Plum
  520. Flacourtia montana Mountain Sweet Thorn
  521. Populus ciliata Himalayan Poplar
  522. Populus deltoides Eastern Cottonwood
  523. Salix tetrasperma Indian Willow

    FAMILY SALVADORACEAE
     
  524. Azima tetracantha Bee Sting Bush
  525. Salvadora oleoides Large Toothbrush Tree
  526. Salvadora persica Miswak, Toothbrush Tree

    FAMILY SANTALACEAE
     
  527. Santalum album Chandan, Sandalwood

    FAMILY SAPINDACEAE
     
  528. Allophylus cobbe Titberry, Indian Allophylus
  529. Lepisanthes tetraphylla Kurpa, Four-Leaved Soapnut
  530. Litchi chinensis Lychee
  531. Sapindus emarginatus Notched Leaf Soapnut
  532. Sapindus trifoliatus Ritha, South India Soapnut (syn. Sapindus laurifolius)
  533. Schleichera oleosa Kusum

    FAMILY SAPOTACEAE
     
  534. Manilkara zapota Chiku, Sapota
  535. Mimusops elengi Spanish Cherry

    FAMILY SAXIFRAGACEAE
     
  536. Astilbe rivularis River Astilbe

    FAMILY SCROPHULARIACEAE
     
  537. Buddleja asiatica Asian Butterfly Bush
  538. Buddleja macrostachya Long Spiked Butterfly Bush

    FAMILY SMILACACEAE
     
  539. Smilax ovalifolia Oval-Leaf Smilax
  540. Smilax perfoliata Pierced Leaf Smilax
  541. Smilax zeylanica Ceylon Smilax

    FAMILY THEACEAE
     
  542. Camellia sinensis Tea

    FAMILY THYMELAEACEAE
     
  543. Lasiosiphon glaucus Fish Poison Bush (syn. Gnidia glauca)

    FAMILY ULMACEAE
     
  544. Holoptelea integrifolia Indian Elm

    FAMILY URTICACEAE
     
  545. Boehmeria kamley Lobed-Leaf False Nettle
  546. Boehmeria macrophylla False Nettle
  547. Boehmeria penduliflora Pendulous False Nettle
  548. Debregeasia saeneb Himalayan Wild Rhea (syn. D. hypoleuca)
  549. Girardinia diversifolia Himalayan Nettle
  550. Laportea interrupta Hen's Nettle
  551. Urtica dioica Stinging Nettle
  552. Urtica hyperborea Northern Nettle

    FAMILY VERBENACEAE
     
  553. Callicarpa tomentosa Velvety Beauty Berry
  554. Citharexylum spinosum Fiddlewood
  555. Duranta erecta Duranta (Cultivar: 'Sapphire Showers')
  556. Lantana camara Lantana
  557. Lantana montevidensis Trailing Lantana
  558. Phyla nodiflora Frog Fruit
  559. Premna serratifolia Headache Tree
  560. Stachytarpheta cayennensis Bluetop, Snakeweed
  561. Stachytarpheta jamaicensis Blue Snakeweed, Blue Porterweed
  562. Stachytarpheta mutabilis Pink Snakeweed
  563. Vitex negundo Nirgundi, Chinese Chaste Tree

    FAMILY VIOLACEAE
     
  564. Pigea enneasperma Spade Flower (syn. Hybanthus enneaspermus)
  565. Viola sp. Violets
  566. Viola pilosa Smooth-Leaf White Violet

    FAMILY VITACEAE
     
  567. Causonis trifolia Three-leaf Cayratia (syn. Cayratia trifolia)
  568. Leea asiatica Asiatic Leea
  569. Leea indica Bandicoot Berry
  570. Leea macrophylla Large-Leaf Leea

    FAMILY ZINGIBERACEAE
     
  571. Alpinia calcarata Snap Ginger
  572. Alpinia purpurata Red Ginger
  573. Alpinia zerumbet Shell Ginger
  574. Curcuma amada Mango Ginger
  575. Curcuma caesia Black Turmeric
  576. Curcuma longa Haldi, Turmeric
  577. Curcuma pseudomontana Hill Turmeric
  578. Elettaria cardamomum Cardamom
  579. Hedychium sp. Ginger Lily
  580. Hedychium coronarium White Ginger Lily
  581. Hellenia speciosa Crepe Ginger
  582. Zingiber montanum Cassumunar Ginger
  583. Zingiber nimmonii Curved-Stem Ginger

    FAMILY ZYGOPHYLLACEAE
     
  584. Tribulus terrestris Gokharu, Puncture Vine, Caltrop

 

REFERENCES:

Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3104.10.4.11495-11550.

HOSTS (2022): a Database of the World's Lepidopteran Hostplants. Accessed on 17 Dec 2022. URL: https://www.nhm.ac.uk/our-science/data/hostplants/search/index.dsml.

WFO (2022): World Flora Online. Accessed on 17 Dec 2022. URL: http://www.worldfloraonline.org.

Flowers of India. Accessed on 17 Dec. 2022. URL: http://www.flowersofindia.net.

Further references will be added here soon ...

Page citation

Kawthankar, N., and K. Kunte. 2023. PLANT SPECIES LIST . In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.