Celaenorrhinus ambareesa – Dakhan Spotted Flat
Celaenorrhinus fusca – Dusky Spotted Flat
Celaenorrhinus leucocera – Common Spotted Flat
Celaenorrhinus putra – Restricted Spotted Flat
Junonia iphita – Chocolate Pansy
Kallima horsfieldii – Sahyadri Blue Oakleaf
Other Name Combinations: Nilgirianthus ciliatus (WFO, 2022).
Natural History: A shrub endemic to southern Western Ghats. Flowers are white with purple patches and appear in spikes. Flowering season is from December to April (Flowers of India, 2022).
Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.322.214.171.12495-11550.
WFO (2022): World Flora Online. Accessed on 20 Dec 2022. URL: http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000433844.
Flowers of India (2022). Accessed on 20 Dec 2022. URL: https://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Lesser%20Kurinji.html. [cited as Strobilanthes ciliatus]
Kawthankar, N. 2023. Strobilanthes ciliata T.Anderson – Lesser Kurinji. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/strobilanthes-ciliata, accessed 2023/03/30.