Rhynchosia minima – Least Snoutbean

Other notes

Natural History: Native Perennial Climber.
It is a trailing climber with trifoliate leaves and is found across tropical regions. Flowers are pea-like, yellow coloured with red streaks. Fruits are flat, curved, oblong pods (Flowers of India 2024).

Note: This plant was previously reported as a larval host plant for Leptotes plinius – Zebra Blue from Sri Lanka (Jayasinghe et al., 2014), Rajesh Prabhakar Mahajan confirmed its use in India from Jalgaon, Maharashtra in November 2020.

Other Common Names: Burn-Mouth Vine, Jumby-Bean (Flowers of India 2024).

Vernacular Names: Hindi: Kulata (कुलटा), Kulthi (कुलथी);  Kannada: Bettadavare (ಬೆಟ್ಟದವರೆ), Ghattadavare (ಘಟ್ಟದವರೆ);  Marathi: Dhakta Ran-ghevada (धाकटा रानघेवडा);  Oriya: Mraalu Vudathpani (ମ୍ରାଳୁ ବୁଡାଥପାଣି);  Tamil: Kaliyanthuvarai (காலியாந்துவரை), Kattukkoli (காட்டுக்கொள்), Thuvaraivakai (துவரைவகை);  Telugu: Gaddi Chikkudu (గడ్డి చిక్కుడు) (Flowers of India 2024).

References:
Flowers of India (2024): Burn-Mouth Vine. Accessed on: 09 Feb. 2024. URL: http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Burn-Mouth%20Vine.html
Jayasinghe, H., S. Rajapaksha & C. de Alwis. (2014). A compilation and analysis of food plants utilization of Sri Lankan butterfly larvae (Papilionoidea). Taprobanica, 6(2): 110-131. DOI: 10.4038/tapro.v6i2.7193
Robinson, G. S., P. R. Ackery, I. Kitching, G. W. Beccaloni, and L. M. Hernández. (2023). HOSTS - a database of the World’s Lepidopteran Hostplants. Natural History Museum DOI: 10.5519/havt50xw
WFO (2024): Tephrosia pumila (Lam.) Pers. Accessed on 09 Feb. 2024. URL: https://wfoplantlist.org/taxon/wfo-0000186780-2023-12

Page citation

Mahajan, R. P., and N. Kawthankar. 2024. Rhynchosia minima (L.) DC. – Least Snoutbean. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/rhynchosia-minima, accessed 2024/04/12.