Caltoris canaraica – Karwar Swift
Parnara spp – Parnara Swift spp.
Junonia iphita – Chocolate Pansy
Natural History: A shrub native to Indian subcontinent, often found cultivated. It is a medicinally important plant known as Vasa or Vasaka in Sanskrit (Flowers of India, 2022). White flowers arise on green spikes from January to April (WFO, 2022).
WFO (2022): World Flora Online. Accessed on 20 Dec 2022. URL: http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000354128.
Flowers of India (2022). Accessed on 20 Dec 2022. URL: http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Malabar%20Nut.html.
Kawthankar, N. 2023. Justicia adhatoda L. – Adulsa, Malabar Nut. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/justicia-adhatoda, accessed 2023/03/26.