Hygrophila ringens – Erect Hygrophila

Other notes

Natural History: An erect annual herb found in the oriental region (Flowers of India, 2022). Purple flowers arise in axillary clusters from August to October (WFO, 2022).

 

Notes: This plant has been recorded as a new larval host for Junonia almana – Peacock Pansy by Sarvadaman Shankarrao Kulkarni from Sangli, Maharashtra in 2019.

 

References:

Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.3104.10.4.11495-11550.

WFO (2022): World Flora Online. Accessed on 19 Dec 2022. URL: http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0001041390.

Flowers of India (2022). Accessed on 19 Dec 2022. URL: http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Erect%20Hygrophila.html.

Page citation

Kulkarni, S. S. and N. Kawthankar. 2024. Hygrophila ringens (L.) R.Br. ex Spreng. – Erect Hygrophila. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/hygrophila-ringens, accessed 2024/02/29.