Gmelina arborea – Gambhari

Other notes

Natural History: A deciduous, fast growing tree, native to India, Myanmar, Vietnam, Cambodia, Laos and South provinces of China. This tree occurs in regions with altitudes up to 1500m.
The flowering season is February to April.



Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550. DOI:

WFO (2023): World Flora Online. Accessed on 05 Feb 2023. URL:

Flowers of India (2023). Accessed on 05 Jan 2023. URL:

Page citation

Sheily, S. and N. Kawthankar. 2024. Gmelina arborea Roxb. – Gambhari. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL:, accessed 2024/07/12.