Celaenorrhinus leucocera – Common Spotted Flat
Hypolimnas bolina – Great Eggfly
Hypolimnas misippus – Danaid Eggfly
Junonia iphita – Chocolate Pansy
Natural History: A perennial spreading herb native to India, often cultivated in gardens for its attractive flowers. The flowers are funnel-shaped and white, yellow or purple in colour (Flowers of India, 2022).
Notes: This plant has been recorded as a new larval host for Hypolimnas bolina – Great Eggfly by Priyanka Kumari from Mumbai, Maharashtra in 2020.
Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550. DOI: https://doi.org/10.11609/jott.318.104.22.16895-11550.
Mohite, K., U. Pawar, A. Mamlayya, N. Desai and V. Kakulte. 2022. Development of Junonia iphita cramer (Nyphalidae: Lepidoptera) on new larval food plant Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. anderson. International Journal of Entomology Research, 7(3): 115-117.
WFO (2022): World Flora Online. Accessed on 18 Dec 2022. URL: http://www.worldfloraonline.org/taxon/wfo-0000555197.
Flowers of India (2022). Accessed on 18 Dec 2022. URL: http://www.flowersofindia.net/catalog/slides/Ganges%20Primrose.html.
Kumari, P. and N. Kawthankar. 2023. Asystasia gangetica (L.) T. Anderson – Ganges Primrose. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/asystasia-gangetica, accessed 2023/03/30.