Papilio polytes Linnaeus, 1758 - Common Mormon

Subspecies in India

(1) Papilio polytes romulus Cramer, [1775] – Indian Common Mormon
(2) Papilio polytes stichioides Evans, 1912 – Andaman Common Mormon
(3) Papilio polytes nikobarus Felder & Felder, 1862 – Nicobar Common Mormon

Taxonomic Information

A polytypic species with multiple subspecies in India.

Conservation and Special status

This species is not legally protected in India under any schedules of WildLife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands UT121511141
Andhra Pradesh1111615211
Arunachal Pradesh11
Assam21152421233
Bihar1
Chandigarh1
Chhattisgarh51269112552
Dadra & Nagar Haveli UT
Daman & Diu UT
Delhi113341363
Goa11
Gujarat122055116114
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh3113
Jammu and Kashmir UT111
Jharkhand1
Karnataka1191715192323251517177
Kerala2313123317203210167
Ladakh UT
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh1631443
Maharashtra1110202120205358102513929
Manipur111
Meghalaya
Mizoram2
Nagaland
Odisha23
Puducherry UT
Punjab1
Rajasthan
Sikkim1111
Tamil Nadu113345423
Tripura231
Uttar Pradesh1236
Uttarakhand1171443
West Bengal87313725316111915
Total505310472919411713722215312383
Papilio polytes romulus - Aegle marmelos (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Robinson et al. 2010), Atalantia racemosa (Kunte 2006), Citrus (Robinson et al. 2010), Citrus aurantiifolia (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Robinson et al. 2010), Citrus maxima (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000), Citrus limon (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000), Citrus medica (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Robinson et al. 2010), Clausena anisata (Saji et al. 2018), Correa (Robinson et al. 2010), Glycosmis (Robinson et al. 2010), Glycosmis pentaphylla (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000), Murraya (Robinson et al. 2010), Murraya koenigii (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Robinson et al. 2010), Murraya paniculata (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000), Ravenia spectabilis (P. Churi pers. obs. 2017), Triphasia (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000; Robinson et al. 2010), Zanthoxylum (Robinson et al. 2010), Zanthoxylum rhetsa (Wynter-Blyth 1957; Kunte 2000) (Rutaceae).

Key Reference:
Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550.

For the complete list of larval host plants of Indian butterflies, see the page on larval host plants.

 

Test ref.

Page citation

Saji, K., Prashanth S. N., T. Karmakar, J. A. Jacob, and K. Mohit 2023. Papilio polytes Linnaeus, 1758 – Common Mormon. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/papilio-polytes, accessed 2023/12/03.