Nicoteba betonica – Squirrel Tail

Other notes

Other Name Combinations: Justicia betonica (WFO, 2022).


Natural History: A sub-shrub found in India and tropical Africa (POWO, 2022). White flowers borne on variegated white spikes (Flowers of India, 2022).



Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10:11495–11550. DOI:

WFO (2022): World Flora Online. Accessed on 20 Dec 2022. URL:

Flowers of India (2022). Accessed on 20 Dec 2022. URL: [cited as Justicia betonica]

POWO (2022): Plants of the World Online. Accessed on 20 Dec 2022. URL:

Page citation

Kawthankar, N. 2024. Nicoteba betonica Lindau – Squirrel Tail. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL:, accessed 2024/06/16.