Papilio bianor Cramer, [1777] - Common Peacock

Subspecies in India

(1) Papilio bianor ganesa Doubleday, 1842 – East Himalayan Common Peacock
(2) Papilio bianor gladiator Fruhstorfer, 1902 – Indo-Chinese Common Peacock

Another subspecies was listed under this species, as Papilio bianor polyctor Boisduval, 1836 – West Himalayan Common Peacock. That is now reinstated as a distinct species, Papilio polyctor. See further information here and on the species page of Papilio polyctor.

Papilio polyctor is restricted to the W. Himalaya, and Papilio bianor occurs only in E. Himalaya and NE India, not in the W. Himalaya.

Images of Papilio polyctor are still available on this website under this species page but they will eventually move to their own species page as the website is updated.

 

Key references:

Joshi, J., and K. Kunte. 2022. Polytypy and systematics: diversification of Papilio swallowtail butterflies in the biogeographically complex Indo-Australian Region. bioRxiv, 2022.03.23.485569.

Condamine, F. L., R. Allio, E. L. Reboud, J. R. Dupuis, E. F. A. Toussaint, N. Mazet, S.-J. Hue, D. S. Lewis, K. Kunte, A. M. Cotton, F. A. H. Sperling. 2023. A comprehensive phylogeny and revised taxonomy illuminate the origin and diversification of the global radiation of Papilio (Lepidoptera: Papilionidae). Molecular Phylogenetics and Evolution, 107758.

Conservation and Special status

This species is not legally protected in India under any schedules of WildLife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands UT
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh341
Assam111
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli UT
Daman & Diu UT
Delhi
Goa
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh42311
Jammu and Kashmir UT212
Jharkhand
Karnataka
Kerala
Ladakh UT
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra
Manipur1
Meghalaya123
Mizoram1
Nagaland2312
Odisha
Puducherry UT
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim147310511
Tamil Nadu
Tripura
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand21533
West Bengal11
Total8917151371273

Page citation

Kunte, K. 2024. Papilio bianor Cramer, [1777] – Common Peacock. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/papilio-bianor, accessed 2024/02/21.