Gangara thyrsis (Fabricius, 1775) - Giant Redeye

Subspecies in India

(1) Gangara thyrsis thyrsis (Fabricius, 1775) – Oriental Giant Redeye

Conservation and Special status

This species is not legally protected in India under any schedules of WildLife (Protection) Act, 1972.

Photo Gallery and Species Biology

StateJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecNo date
Andaman and Nicobar Islands UT1
Andhra Pradesh
Arunachal Pradesh
Assam111
Bihar
Chandigarh
Chhattisgarh
Dadra & Nagar Haveli UT
Daman & Diu UT
Delhi
Goa11
Gujarat
Haryana
Himachal Pradesh
Jammu and Kashmir UT
Jharkhand
Karnataka91113724442
Kerala31152561042
Ladakh UT
Lakshadweep
Madhya Pradesh
Maharashtra654123291699
Manipur
Meghalaya1
Mizoram
Nagaland1
Odisha
Puducherry UT
Punjab
Rajasthan
Sikkim
Tamil Nadu1
Tripura7222
Uttar Pradesh
Uttarakhand
West Bengal1
Total2557258512820351915

Borassus flabellifer, Calamus spp., Calamus pseudotenuis, Calamus rotang, Calamus thwaitesii, Calamus viminalis, Caryota urens, Chamaerops humilis, Cocos nucifera, Corypha umbraculifera, Corypha utan, Dypsis lutescens, Licuala chinensis, Licuala grandis, Phoenix acaulis, Phoenix loureiroi, Phoenix sylvestris, Roystonea regia (Arecaceae).
Cyperus alternifolius (Cyperaceae) has also been reported from Bengaluru by L. Shyamal in 2010, which constitutes a new plant family record for this species (BOI-ag954 to BOI-ag958). It remains to be seen whether Cyperus is used more widely by this species, and a second confirmation of this larval host family will be useful.
Apart from these plants, Saccharum officinarum (Poaceae) is recorded but this is doubtful and needs confirmation.
Zingiber officinale (Zingiberaceae) has also been recorded once, but the larva feeding on it did not pupate so we do not know whether this is a suitable larval host plant.

Key Reference:
Nitin, R., V. C. Balakrishnan, P. V. Churi, S. Kalesh, S. Prakash, and K. Kunte. 2018. Larval host plants of the butterflies of the Western Ghats, India. Journal of Threatened Taxa, 10(4): 11495–11550.

For the complete list of larval host plants of Indian butterflies, see the page on larval host plants.

Page citation

Saji K., K. Kunte, L. Shyamal, Manoj P., T. Bhagwat, and S. Debnath 2024. Gangara thyrsis (Fabricius, 1775) – Giant Redeye. In Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 4.12. Published by the Indian Foundation for Butterflies. URL: https://www.ifoundbutterflies.org/gangara-thyrsis, accessed 2024/03/05.