Parnassius hardwickei Gray, 1831 – Common Blue Apollo
Subspecies in India:
(1) Parnassius hardwickei hardwickei Gray, 1831 – West Himalayan Common Blue Apollo
Considerable infrasubspecific and subspecific variation in this species has been named, often with little understanding of geographical and altitudinal separation between the named forms or subspecies, so it is difficult to ascertain taxonomic validity of many of these names. A comprehensive study of this entire genus is in order before any taxonomic issues can be solved in this group.
Cite this page along with its URL as:
Anonymous. 2021. Parnassius hardwickei Gray, 1831 – Common Blue Apollo. Kunte, K., S. Sondhi, and P. Roy (Chief Editors). Butterflies of India, v. 3.17. Indian Foundation for Butterflies.